Duszniki, Hermitage on Rozalia’s Mount

Duszniki, Hermitage on Rozalia’s Mount, oil painting, signed ‘F.W. Schwemter’, 1833. Collection: Muzeum Ziemi Kłodzkiej, Kłodzko.

The license is accorded by the owner.


Already in the nineteenth century, Duszniki was famed for its good climate and healing waters. The sickly Fryderyk and his younger sister Emilka were sent there for cures to improve their health. In spite of his illness, Fryderyk was energetic and full of life, and he found it hard to bear the daily routine at the spa, ruing the ban on taking trips into the higher parts of the mountains around Duszniki. Instead, there were obligatory slow walks around the promenade, accompanied by ‘wretched brass music compiled from a dozen or so caricatures in various tastes’. He complained that the situation was worsened by the lack in the vicinity of a decent piano and that afternoons were ‘again sullied by music’. Chopin’s stay in Duszniki was, however, crowned by his public performance in aid of a good cause.